Mt.LuShan is located in the south of JiuJiang City of JiangXi province. It stands by the yeangtze River and the PoYang Lake. It is a key national scenic resort and has been included in the list of world natural Heritages. Mt. Lushan is a horst block mountain and has been known for its majesty, uniqueness, precipitous terrain, and elegance.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220), Mt.LuShan became one of the Buddhist centers of China. Three famous teamples appeared in the mountain and they were DongLin( Eastern Woods) Temple, XiLin Temple (Western Woods) and DaLin (Big woods) Temple. The YunWu tea from Mt.Lushan was known as LunShan Tea before. It was planted and made by monks of the three temples in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420). By the Tang Dynasty (618-907), the LuShan Tea had been very famous. The YunWu tea had appeared in the chronicles of Mt. LuShan in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Mount Lushan stands beside the Yangtze River, on its middle to lower reaches. The river lies to the north, and Boyang Lake to the east. The name Lu means "house" in Chinese. So, Lushan is the mountain with houses.
The YunWu tea from Mt.LuShan is picked when the first bud and first leaf begin to open. Its production requires nine procedures: fixation, loosing up, rolling, stir fixation, sorting out, rubbing, sorting out, tipping, and baking. The finished tea are tight, full, and elegant strips with a green and smooth appearance. The tea bud is vaguely green. The tea soup is bright and green with strong, acute, and lasting aroma. It tastes sweet and brisk. The brewed tea leaves are greenish yellow, soft, and opening.
Documentary --- Lushan Yunwu Green Tea
Lushan Yun Wu tea produced in Lushan of Jiangxi, also called “Wen Lin tea”. Tea area is humid climate, fertile soil, abundant rainfall, is very suitable for tea growing. Lushan Mountain, known as "The most beautiful scenery in the world", is located in Jiujiang City of Jiangxi Province. 1,543 meters above the sea level, the mountain towers over the southern bank of the Yangtze River, casting its shadows upon the Poyang Lake.Lushan Mountain bristles with lofty peaks in an infinite variety of forms. The ever-changing mist blankets the peaks all the year round, sometimes veiling the peak, sometimes pouring from the summit. The breathtaking scenery and the "Waterfall Clouds" make the mountain more mysterious and give the tea of the region the name of Cloud and Mist (Yunwu).
Lushan Yun Wu tea is one of the China’s top ten teas.The tea growing industry in Lushan Mountain can be traced back to the Jin Dynasty. In the Tang Dynasty, scholars and poets gathered in Lushan Mountain, thus facilitating tea growing there. It is said that the famous poet Bai Juyi once built a cottage and planted tea trees and herbs in the mountain. During the Song dynasty, it became the "tribute tea". Lushan Yunwu tea is characterized by fresh tender leaves, a delicate jade green color and luster, lingering fragrance, and refreshingly sweet flavor.
Qingming Festival清明节 is the high time for picking tea leaves. The most precious Lushan Yunwu tea is "Mingqian Tea" 明前茶which is made of tea leaves picked prior to the Qing Ming Festival when spring just comes back and the shoots are extremely young and tender. The Tea-picking Folk Rhyme recorded in Lushan Annals describes how "Mingqian Tea" is made, "The picking is days later than usual. In April when the cold wind is blowing, the tea buds in the mountain are spreading their fragrance…" The buds collected need to be processed on the same day and go through steps including water removing, shaking, rolling, shaping and baking. For every one kilo of tea, more than one hundred thousand fresh tea buds are needed.Processed Lushan Yunwu tea boasts of emerald "one bud one leaf" tea leaves, long-lasting taste and rich nutritional content, such as tea polyphenol and other extracts.
Lu Shan Yun Wu tea is featured by delicate jade green color and luster, unveiled silver pekoe, lingering fragrance, freshingly sweet savor, as well as long-lasting aftertaste. The leaves contain a high concentration of chlorophyll and nutrients. Its content of alkaloid and Vitamin C is higher than that of common green tea.